Event Details

CATEGORY:Astrophysics Seminar
TITLE:STRUCTURE AND EVOLUTION OF ELLIPTICAL, S0, AND SPHEROIDAL GALAXIES. I.
Date: 2012-05-21
Time: 13:30:00
Location: Lidow, 620

Abstract:

These lectures discuss dynamically "hot" stellar systems --elliptical galaxies and the elliptical-galaxy-like "bulge" components of disk galaxies.  The canonical picture of their origin is that they are made in collisions and mergers of roughly equal-mass galaxies.  The resulting dynamical violence scrambles any pre-existing disks into ellipsoidal remnants, and it is accompanied by a central starburst if the progenitor galaxies contained cold gas.  Our recent observations support these ideas but lead to a richer picture of galaxy evolution.  We distinguish between galaxies that formed via mergers and ones that formed by other processes such as ram-pressure stripping of cold gas by hot, x-ray-emitting gas in galaxy clusters.  We distinguish between ellipticals that formed by dry, cold-gas-free mergers and ones that involved gas dissipation and starbursts.  And we can connect these events with supermassive black holes in galaxy centers.  The results provide a comprehensive understanding of the structural properties that are encoded in the Hubble sequence of galaxies. Our latest results in this subject have just been submitted to ApJS: http://chandra.as.utexas.edu/~kormendy/parallel.pdf